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Mahanidhi Madan Gopal Das

The Ten Offenses to Sri Krishna’s Holy Names (Padma Purana)

  1. satāṁ ninda-namnaḥ param aparādham vitanute, yataḥ khyātiṁ yātaṁ katham u sahate tu tad vigarhām

The topmost offense (param aparadha) is to show envy or criticize a devotee, saintly person, or one’s Guru.

  1. śivasya śrī visnor ya iha guṇa nāmādi sakalam, dhiyā bhinnaṁ paśyet sa khalu hari-nāmāhita-karaḥ

One will get no benefit from doing Harinama (hari-nama ahita karah) if one sees or thinks that the names or qualities of Sri Visnu and Siva are different (bhinnam).

Please find more information about this offense and the Visnu/Siva relationship in our articles here.

  1. guror avajna

To disrespect, disregard or disobey the guru.

  1. śruti śāstra-nindanaṁ

To disrespect any scriptures describing God.

5.tathārthavādo

Think the glories of the Name are empty praise. Or to give concocted interpretations on the meanings of Krishna’s Holy Name.

  1. hari nāmni kalpanam

Consider praises of Krishna’s Holy Names to be exaggerated or imaginary. Or give imaginary meanings to Krishna’s Holy Names.

  1. nāmno balād yasya hi pāpabuddhir, na vidyate tasya yamair hi śuddhiḥ

To commit sin on the power of Krishna’s Name means one has sinful intelligence (papa buddhi). Such an offender cannot be purified by any type of rule or regulation (yama na suddhi).

  1. dharma-vrata-tyaga-hutādi-sarva, subha-kriyā sāmyam api pramādaḥ

To consider Krishna’s transcendental prema giving Holy Names to be a form of subha karmas (auspicious beneficial actions) like other punya,  karmas such as varna/asrama dharma duties, vows, austerities, fire yajnas or homas.

  1. aśraddadhāne vimukhe’py aśṛṇvati, yas copadeṣaḥ śiva-nāmāparādhaḥ

It’s an offense to give instructions about the auspicious holy names of Krishna to the faithless (asraddha); or one whose face is turned away from God (agnostic, not interested (vimukhe); and to one who does not want to hear anything about Krishna (asrnvati).

What about book distributors who come across many faithless people, yet still they try to convince them about Krishna consciousness? Is this committing the second offense?

NO, because if someone stops and listens to you that means Krishna is favoring them. And if they show interest, listen humbly or buy a book that is all arranged by Krishna. However, if they are unqualified in any of the above ways, they will just say “Get lost, no thanks, not interested, I don’t want.”

Then if you push or force that will be an offense because they don’t want to hear, are atheists etc. By the mercy and blessings of Bhagavan Sri Krishna and Sri Guru, we sold Srila Prabhupada’s books every day for 6 years 1975-1981.

Among Gaudiya Vaisnavas, it is commonly said, “Vaisnava seva, jiva doya, nama ruci”. Jiva doya means showing kindness to all jivas, living entities, which is best done by giving prasada, Harinama Sankirtana, preaching and book distribution. Some acaryas say, “This phrase means if you serve the Vaisnavas (Vaisnava seva) and preach to the qualified (jiva doya)—then you will get taste and attraction (ruci) for chanting Hare Krishna!”

  1. śrute’pi nāma-māhātmye yah prīti rahito naraḥ, ahaṁ mamādi paramo nāmni so’py aparādha-kṛt

To not have faith, taste or affection (priti) for Krishna’s Holy Names even after hearing the glories of Krishna Nama, and to not give up material attachments and continue to think and act only in terms of “I and mine” (aham mam adi).

Nama Acarya Haridasa Thakura ki jai! Jai Jai Sri Radhe! Sri Harinama ki jai!

Mahanidhi Swami

 

If a devotee can think, feel, act and become one with Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu’s success formula, he/she will NEVER COMMIT NAMA APARADHA, and very soon attain Krishna prema.

Raising His beautiful golden arms into the sky, Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu loudly declared, “Everyone please hear me! String the following verse on the thread of the Divine Name and wear it on your neck for continuous remembrance, ūrdhva-bāhu kari’ kahoṅ, śuna sarva-loka, nāma-sūtre gāṅthi’ para, kaṇṭhe ei śloka

“And if you take Krishna Nama in this way, I guarantee that pure love for Sri Krishna’s lotus feet will manifest in your heart, ei-mata hañā yei, kṛṣṇa-nāma laya, śrī-kṛṣṇa-caraṇe tāṅra, prema upajaya.” (Cc. 1.17.32; Cc. 3.20.26)

BHAKTI 100 % SUCCESS FORMULA:

Mahaprabhu continued, “One can constantly chant Krishna’s Divine Name, if in all respects one thinks, ‘I am more lowly and helpless than a blade of grass’, while always remaining as tolerant as a tree, free from pride and respectful to one and all.” (Cc. 1.17.31; 3.20.21)

tṛṇād api su-nīcena, taror iva sahiṣṇunā, amāninā māna-dena, kīrtanīyaḥ sadā hariḥ

 

TEN OFFENSES AGAINST KRISHNA’S DIVINE NAMES

In Padma Purana (Brahma-khanda cp.25), Sanat-kumara described the ten offenses (nama-aparadhas) to Narada Muni:

  1. The greatest offense [parama aparadha] is to criticize the devotee/saints who broadcast Krishna’s Divine Name. How can the Divine Name ever tolerate such a thing?

satāṁ nindā nāmnaḥ paramam aparādhaṁ vitanute

yataḥ khyātiṁ yātaṁ katham u sahate tad vigarhām

 

  1. It is an offense to think there is any difference between the names, qualities, etc. of Sri Vishnu and Shivaji. Such a person gets no benefit from chanting.

śivasya śrī viṣṇor ya iha guṇa nāmādi sakalaṁ

dhiyā bhinnaṁ paśyet sa khalu hari nāmāhita karaḥ

Comments: Sri Vishnu and Shivaji in his transcendental Sada Shiva form are both vishnu-tattva. Brhad-bhagavatamrta (1.2.31) says, “Sadashiva is directly Narayana as the vilasa or svamsha of svayam-rupa Sri Krishna. Sadashiva dwells in Shiva-loka (Vaikuntha).” However, Bhagavan Sri Krishna is the para-devata, and supreme aradhya-deva for all Gaudiya Vaisnavas.

  1. To disrespect the Guru, guror avajñā.

Comments: This includes all gurus and the guru principle itself. Srila Visvanatha Cakravarti says (tika: SB 6.2.9-10), “This is the worst Nama aparadha!”

  1. To criticise the revealed Vedic scriptures, śruti śāstra nindana.
  2. To consider the glories of the Divine Name to be exaggerated, tatha ārtha vādo.
  3. To concoct or give imaginary meanings to the Divine Name, hari nāmni kalpanam.
  4. To deliberately commit sin on the strength of the Divine Name. Such a sinful offender cannot be purified by following any rules, nāmno balād yasya hi pāpa buddhir, na vidyate tasya yamair hi śuddhiḥ
  5. It is complete madness [pramada] to consider the performance of ordinary religious duties, vows, renunciation, sacrifices, and all other auspicious pious works to be equal to chanting Hari-nama, dharma vrata tyāga hūtādi sarva, śubha kriyā sāmyam api pramādaḥ.
  6. It is an offense to instruct a faithless person; one averse to God; or one who is unwilling to listen [to the glories of Bhagavan or His Name].

aśraddadhāne vimukhe’py aśṛṇvati, yaś copadeśaḥ śiva nāmāparādhaḥ

  1. One is offensive and considered low and fallen if even after hearing the glories of Nama, one still has no love for the Divine Name, and remains in the illusion of “me and mine”.

śrutvāpi nāma māhātmye yaḥ prīti rahito’dhamaḥ, ahaṁ mamādi paramo nāmni so’py aparādha kṛt

 

Comments: In his tika to Hari Bhakti Vilasa, Sri Sanatana Goswami adds that, (aham mam adi) also means being proud of one’s chanting. As in one saying, “O, did you know that I am chanting one lac a day!”

Prema-bhakti candrika (115) says, one should attain perfection in secret; always be humble and keep secret one’s realizations [or attainments] gupate sadhibe siddhi sadhana dainye sada.

(adapted, Sri Advaita Dasji) Namacharya Thakura Haridasji ki jai!

Hare Krishna maha-mantra ki jai! Jaya Jaya Sri Radhe!